Gabapentin addiction and abuse
Gabapentin is a prescription drug most commonly prescribed to relieve nerve pain following shingles in adults, treating the pain of post herpetic neuralgia. Gabapentin belongs to a class of drugs known as anti- seizure drugs.
Take gabapentin by mouth as directed by your doctorusually once a day with the evening meal. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Swallow gabapentin whole. Do not crush or chew sustained-release tablets. Doing so can release all of the drug at once, increasing the risk of side effects.
Also, do not split sustained-release tablets unless they have a score line and your doctor or pharmacist tells you to do so. Swallow the whole or split tablet without crushing or chewing. During the first 2 weeks of treatment, your doctor may gradually increase your dose so your body can adjust to the medication. Gabapentin is available under the following different brand names: Neurontin and Gralise. Adult and pediatric dosages:.
What is gabapentin?
Reducing the dose, discontinuing the drug, or substituting an alternative medication should be done gradually over a minimum of 1 week or longer. Renal impairment is present, gabapentin dose reduction may be required, depending on renal function. Adjunctive therapy for partial seizures with or without secondary generalization. Gralise tablets swell in gastric fluid and gradually release gabapentin.
Swallow Gralise tablets whole; do not cutcrush, or chew them. Administer supplemental dose range mg post hemodialysisafter each 4 hour dialysis interval; further dose reduction should be in proportion to Creatinine clearance a Creatinine clearance of 7. This document does not contain all possible side effects and others may occur. Check with your physician for additional information about side effects.
What Other Drugs Interact with Gabapentin? If your doctor has directed you to use this medication for diabetesyour doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor, health care provider or pharmacist first. This document does not contain all possible interactions.
Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist. Check with your physician if you have health questions or concerns. What Are Warnings and Precautions for Gabapentin? Do not discontinue abruptly as it may increase seizure frequency; gradually taper over a minimum of 1 week.
This medication contains gabapentin. Do not take Neurontin or Gralise if you are allergic to gabapentin or any ingredients contained in this drug.
Gabapentin: the most dangerous drug in america?
Keep out of reach of children. In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately. Administration of live or attenuated live vaccine Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices ACIP and American Academy of Family Physicians AAFP state that administration of live virus vaccines usually is not contraindicated in patients receiving corticosteroid therapy as short-term less than 2 weeks treatment, in low-to-moderate dosages, as long-term alternate-day treatment with short-acting preparations, or in maintenance of physiologic dosages, such as, replacement therapy.
Reported increased blood creatinine phosphokinase levels and muscle damage caused by inflammation. Anaphylaxis and angioedema reported after first dose or at any time during treatment; instruct patients to discontinue therapy and seek medical care should they experience s or symptoms of anaphylaxis or angioedema. May cause central nervous system depression, which may impair ability to operate heavy machinery; advise patients not to drive until they have gained enough experience to assess whether therapy will impair ability to drive.
May potentiate effects of other sedatives or ethanol when administered concomitantly. Ages years: Risk of neuropsychiatric adverse events, including emotional labilityhostility, thought disorders, and hyperkinesia. Use gabapentin with caution if benefits outweigh risks in pregnancy. Animal studies show risk and human studies are not yet available or neither animal nor human studies have been done. Gabapentin transfers into breast milkconsult with your physician. Dosages of Gabapentin.
Why is this medication prescribed?
Dosage Considerations — Should be Given as Follows:. Geritric dosing considerations:.
Partial Seizures. Post herpetic Neuralgia.
Renal impairment Gralise :. Life with Cancer.