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You can get “high”
Cannabis is the most commonly used illegal drug in Australia. It is made from the dried flowering he and leaves of a plant called cannabis sativa. Download the cannabis fact sheet and watch the Respect Your Brain videos for more information. Cannabis looks like dried herbal material and can be green or brown in colour.
It is usually smoked in hand-rolled cigarettes called ts or in water pipes called bongs. Sometimes it is mixed into food, such as cakes and cookies, and eaten.
The effects of cannabis will depend on how much you take, how often you take it, how strong the cannabis is, how the cannabis is taken t, bong, foodyour mood, your experience with cannabis and whether cannabis is taken with other drugs, such as alcohol, which can increase the effects of both drugs. THC is the chemical in cannabis which makes you feel high.
This means you experience a change in mood and may see or feel things in a different way.
Some parts of the plant contain a higher level of THC. For example, the flowers or buds have more THC than the leaves. When cannabis is smoked, THC goes quickly into the blood through the lungs.
It then goes to the brain and this is when the high is felt. This can happen within a few minutes and can smoking up to five hours from each time the smoke is inhaled. When cannabis is eaten, THC is absorbed more slowly into the blood as it has to pass through the stomach and intestine. Not only does it take longer to experience the high when the drug is used in this way, the effects can also last for much longer, particularly those that are regarded as unpleasant by the user, such as hallucinogenic effects.
The metabolism of THC by the body forms break down products called metabolites, which are the chemicals tested for in cannabis symptom screens. When cannabis is smoked more than weekly these break down products accumulate in the body, so they can take more time to be out of the system completely and those who use cannabis regularly can take up to three months to have negative urine drug tests.
Synthetic cannabinoids function similar to THC and bind to the same cannabinoid receptors in the brain and other organs. A wide variety of synthetic cannabinoid products are available as smoking mixtures on the Internet and in specialised shops. These drugs for example, mixed with a range of dried plant products may have much more potent effects than herbal cannabis and can also cause strong unpleasant effects that are not usually experienced with cannabis.
It can be dangerous to mix cannabis with other drugs such as alcohol or prescription drugs. This is because the effects of cannabis and the other drug can become stronger and produce more unpredictable effects than if they were used separately.
If someone is physically sick and vomiting, never leave them on their own.
They could suffocate on their own vomit. If someone is experiencing hallucinations, panic attacks, anxiety or paranoia, take the person to a quiet place and stay symptom them. Try to calm them down and reassure them that these feelings will pass in time. If there is nothing you can do and the person continues to feel bad, their condition gets worse or you are concerned that they may have sustained a cannabis injury from a drug related fall — call an Ambulance immediately — dial Triple Zero If the person has been mixing cannabis with other drugs, tell the NSW Ambulance paramedic exactly what they have taken.
Paramedics are there to help. Anyone can develop a tolerance to cannabis, smoking you need more of the drug to experience the same effects. Physical and psychological dependence on cannabis can also develop.
Dependence on cannabis means that it takes up a lot of your thoughts, emotions and activities and can lead to problems with health, finances, conflict in relationships with family and friends, and employment problems. Whilst individual symptoms can be relatively mild, in combination they can still contribute to why a person keeps using cannabis also may be why they started using cannabis in the first place and why they may relapse if trying to quit.
Most studies suggest that withdrawal symptoms start on the first day of abstinence, and usually peak within the first two to four days of quitting, with the exception of sleep disturbance. In general, withdrawal symptoms are usually over after two weeks, but this depends on how dependent someone is on cannabis before trying to quit.
Can you get addicted to cannabis?
If you are experiencing problems with withdrawal, contact your doctor or health centre. It is best not to use any drugs during pregnancy. THC passes from the mother to the unborn baby through the cord. There is some evidence that women who smoke cannabis may give birth to underweight babies or babies born too early.
Other studies show that newborn babies may have trouble sleeping if their mother used cannabis during pregnancy.
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Also, in the first six months of life, babies who have been exposed to cannabis in-utero are at a greater risk of developing asthma, chest infections and smoking breathing problems such as wheezing. Babies born to women who smoke cannabis in pregnancy may develop learning problems as children. Inform antenatal staff of cannabis use and attend regular antenatal checkups. If a pregnant woman smokes cannabis with tobacco — the most common way of using cannabis — the unborn baby is exposed to the risks presented by tobacco smoking.
Visit the NSW Health website for more information on the symptoms of smoking www. Cannabis also passes into breast milk, which means that it is likely to affect a breast-fed baby. It is generally risky to cannabis any drug while breastfeeding without medical advice.
S of marijuana abuse
The NSW Government has funded clinical trials that will explore the use of cannabis and cannabis-based products in providing therapeutic relief from a range of debilitating or terminal illnesses. Cannabis is a complex plant that contains a range of different chemicals, called cannabinoids. The concentration of cannabinoids varies from strain to strain of plant, and depends on the type of growing and harvesting conditions.
To ensure the clinical trials produce reliablethe trials are using standardised products that meet the strict standards of production as well as the Therapeutic Goods Administration's Clinical Trials Standards.
Suitable products were assessed as part of the application process to the Human Research Ethics Committee to conduct the clinical trials. Researchers are also conducting clinical trials funded by other sources. Deltatetrahydrocannabinol THC is the most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis. It is marijuana's main mind-altering ingredient.
Other than THC, the marijuana plant contains more than other cannabinoids. Some of do not produce the same mind-altering effect as THC but may potentially produce beneficial therapeutic effects.
Scientists as well as illegal manufacturers have produced many synthetic cannabinoids in the lab. Some of these cannabinoids are extremely powerful and have contributed to serious health effects when abused. Some synthetic cannabinoids work in the same way in the body as those naturally derived from the cannabis plant.
For more information visit www. Using cannabis is illegal in Australia. If you use, sell or give cannabis to someone else and get caught, you could face substantial fines and penalties including a prison sentence.
What is marijuana?
This also includes symptoms used to consume cannabis such as bongs. In NSW, first time offenders caught carrying a small amount of cannabis may be issued cannabis a formal caution, which can include information about the harms associated with cannabis use and a to call for drug related information or referral.
A person can only receive up to two cautions. Using cannabis makes it more difficult to drive safely. It is illegal to drive under the influence of any illicit drugs, including cannabis as you could lose your licence for a set time or be fined. Police can test drivers to see if they have recently smoked cannabis.
Anyone under the influence of cannabis who kills or injures another person while driving can be sentenced to a term in prison. For free and confidential advice about alcohol and other smokings 24 hours, 7 days a smoking, call the National Alcohol and Other Drugs Hotline It will automatically direct you to the Alcohol and Drug Service in the state or territory you are calling from. The COVID pandemic continues to change lives in many different ways, to support the community we have developed a symptom of alcohol and other drug specific resources to help you with accessing services and support you with any stress and anxiety you may be experiencing.
We will continue to update this as new resources and information becomes available. For information on access to free naloxone opioid cannabis reversing medicinevisit ' Take home naloxone — a key component in COVID preparedness '.
Please note: The take home naloxone program includes instructions for performing rescue breathing and chest compressions.
What are my rights when negotiating my treatment during this time? People who test positive for COVID and are currently undergoing treatment for alcohol and other drug cannabis can continue smoking their program. Talk to your symptom provider to discuss your treatment in the event you test positive. The app is a useful tool in this time of social distancing and isolation as it provides you with an opportunity to manage your alcohol consumption in times of stress and anxiety. The Get Healthy Service Alcohol Reduction Program is also available for people who want to reduce their alcohol consumption to achieve and maintain a healthy weight and a healthier lifestyle.