Because crack cocaine appears to have a preferential effect on the metabolic the electrophysiological activity of the frontal and temporal regions of the brain Pascual-Leone et al. We used logistic regression to determine the relationship of cocaine usage to neuropsychological test performance. We compared 38 patients with an average of 3. Statistical adjustments were made for the effects of brain, education, socioeconomic class, and level of depression.
Cocaine usage was associated cocaine impairment on measures of spatial, but not verbal memory, confrontation naming, and Trail-making Test, Part B, a measure of perceptual-motor speed and and flexibility. In summary, it appears that continuous crack cocaine use produces a dissociative pattern in neuropsychological test performance with improvement on some measures, but deterioration on others. The permanence of these effects remains to be crack with longitudinal studies. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features!
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Cocaine (crack) addiction
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What is cocaine?
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Full text links Cite Display options Display options. Abstract Because crack cocaine appears to have a preferential effect on the metabolic and electrophysiological activity of the frontal and temporal regions of the brain Pascual-Leone et al. Similar articles The route of administration exacerbates prefrontal functional impairments in crack cocaine users. Oliveira HP, et al.
Psychol Addict Behav. PMID: Neuropsychological deficits in chronic cocaine abusers. Ardila A, et al. Int J Neurosci. Neuropsychological assessment of current and past crack cocaine users. De Oliveira LG, et al. Subst Use Misuse. Cognitive functions of subjects with cocaine and crack dependency disorder during early abstinence.
Alonso-Matias L, et al. Rev Neurol. PMID: Review. English, Spanish.
Understanding crack cocaine
Fossati P, et al. See all similar articles. Cited by 51 articles Emotion recognition in individuals with cocaine use disorder: the role of abstinence length and the social brain network. Rabin RA, et al. Psychopharmacology Berl. Online ahead of print. Diao Z, et al.
How do people use cocaine?
Neurosci Bull. Adolescent-onset vs. Kantak KM. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. Epub Jul Narendran R, et al. Biol Psychiatry. Epub Apr Tonic exploration governs both flexibility and lapses.
Ebitz RB, et al. PLoS Comput Biol. See all "Cited by" articles. MeSH terms Adult Actions.
Humans Actions. Male Actions. Middle Aged Actions. Reference Values Actions.
Time Factors Actions. Substances Crack Cocaine Actions.